Farming chemistry works hard to protect our food supply and health.
The chemicals listed below are registered in varying chemical formulations for maximum performance, safety, and environmental health.
|Fumigant||Example Trade Names||Safely Used Since||Benefits||Movement through Soil||EPA Residue Tolerance|
|Methyl Bromide||Methyl Bromide, Tri-Con, Pic-Brom||1960s||Excellent broad-spectrum fumigant, effective for managing many insects, nematodes, weeds, bacteria, and fungi||Excellent||Exempt, EPA determination – no residue in or on food|
|Chloropicrin||Chloropicrin, Tri-Clor, Pic Plus, Tri-Con, Pic-Clor||1920s||Excellent control of many fungal and bacterial pathogens; also controls some insects, nematodes, and weeds||Good in well-tilled, non-saturated soil||Exempt, EPA determination – no residue in or on food|
|1,3-Dichloropropene||Telone, InLine, Pic-Clor, Tri-Form||1950s||Excellent for preplant nematode control and when mixed with Chloropicrin, also controls numerous fungal and bacterial plant pathogens||Good in well-tilled, low moisture soil||Exempt, EPA determination – no residue in or on food|
While each product is different, generally it takes 10 or more years from product conception to registration. The hurdles are onerous and extensive, as they should be. Powerful soil chemistry needs to help growers overcome crop-destroying pests, while simultaneously promoting health and safety – since that is what the outcome of these crops – life-sustaining food – is for in the first place.